Acne is distressing for many. The condition is essentially an inflammation of the skin caused by clogged pores. The skin’s pores can become clogged by oil, dirt, bacteria and dead skin cells that naturally accumulate on the skin’s surface throughout the day. Acne is most often noticed on the face but can also appear on the neck, chest and back. Fortunately, lifestyle changes can successfully reduce acne much of the time, and medical intervention is available for more severe cases.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

The symptoms of acne can be seen in the different formations and irritations on the skin. There are several forms of acne. Comedones, also known as whiteheads or blackheads, occur around clogged hair follicles. When closed at the skin surface, this acne appears as a whitehead. When open at the surface, a blackhead is formed. Different types of inflammatory lesions are also common symptoms of acne. Papules, pustules, nodules and cysts are common inflammatory lesions.

While acne is generally not a serious condition, it sometimes can be. Severe acne or deep cysts can cause scarring. In these cases – or in cases where acne is affecting relationships or self-esteem – it is important to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Doctors can confirm acne based on visual examinations but may also ask about diet, medications and family history in order to diagnose underlying problems that may be causing acne.  Continue reading for Causes information . . 


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