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Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. This disease affects nearly 1.5 million Americans per year, with young people generating the vast majority of new cases. Chlamydia trachomatis cannot reproduce outside the human body, so those infected can only contract it from another infected person. Though Chlamydia is nearly always contracted through sexual contact, it can also be passed on to an infant at childbirth if the mother is infected.

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