Crohn’s Disease

Prevention

Since it is difficult to discern just what causes Crohn’s Disease within an individual, itis not easy to find specific ways to prevent its onset. One suggested way to help prevent it is, of course, not to begin smoking, or to quit smoking tobacco altogether.

Treatment

Despite the hazy origin of Crohn’s Disease, there are several treatment options available. This includes keeping a well-balanced diet. The diet should include an appropriate amount of protein, calories and other nutrients from a variety of healthy food groups. Avoid foods that are high in fiber and foods that are generally greasy and may cause gas problems, such as fast food and junk food. Of course, drinking lots of water only helps with most health issues and this is no exception.

Possible medications that may be prescribed to the affected patient are fiber supplements and special antibiotics to help treat any fistulas or abscesses that may have been developed along with the disease. Corticosteroids are commonly used to treat Crohn’s Disease that has become moderately to severely evolved. These are taken either rectally or by an oral dosage. Another type of medicine that may be prescribed is Aminosalicylates. These are medicines that are more commonly taken orally and help the more mild to moderate symptoms of Crohn’s Disease. Azathioprine (6-mercaptopurine) is used to silence the immune system’s strong reaction.  Acetaminophen or other mild pain relievers may be recommended, in order to sooth the pain brought on by the disease.

In some cases, surgery is necessary to treat Crohn’s Disease. Those patients who do not respond well to medications may be subject to surgery. This is usually only necessary when a diseased or damaged part of the intestinal tract is needed to be removed or even in some cases, the large intestine in its entirety. This surgery may also be necessary in order to treat failure of growth in children, hemorrhaging, abscesses and fistulas (and similar infections) and narrowing of the intestines.

Recent Debates and Developments

Some recent discoveries towards coping and living a healthier life with Crohn’s Disease include a deeper understanding of the triggers and some advancements in its treatment. A Swedish study of Crohn’s Disease discovered that antibiotics taken to cure pneumonia, before the age of five, may play a hand in the development of the inflammatory bowel disease. The goal is to achieve a remission of the disease. Going through two or more forms of treatment may yield a higher chance of warding off many of the diseases symptoms.

More Information

Medline Plus: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/crohnsdisease.html

Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/crohns-disease/DS00104

CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/ibd/

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