Diabetes

Overview

Diabetes is a disease in which a person’s blood contains more glucose than it should. This can lead to health problems that can become deadly if not treated properly. There are several different types of diabetes, and each type is managed in a slightly different way. While some types of diabetes can be reversed, others can’t. Glucose acts as a fuel source for the human brain. It powers the cells in the human body’s tissue and muscles. Type one and type two diabetes are both chronic conditions that there is no cure for. Both prediabetes and gestational diabetes can sometimes be reversed. Prediabetes occurs when someone’s blood sugar level is higher than it should be, but not high enough to consider them a diabetic. If not caught and treated, prediabetes can eventually lead to the onset of type two diabetes. Gestational diabetes can show up during pregnancy but may disappear after childbirth.

Symptoms And Diagnosis

When it comes to prediabetes, not everyone who has it will experience symptoms at first. In some cases, this can also be true with type one diabetes. The symptoms of type one often come on quickly and with no warning. Possible symptoms of both types one and two diabetes include frequent trips to the bathroom, fatigue, weight loss that has no other medical explanation, high blood pressure, extreme hunger pains, an increasing frequency in thirst, blurry vision, sores that heal slowly and frequent gum, bladder, skin and vaginal infections. Type two diabetes can occur in people of any age and can be prevented in some cases. Type one diabetes often first appears during the years of childhood and adolescence.

Causes

Both prediabetes and type two diabetes are caused by the body’s cells developing a resistance to the insulin the human body produces. When the pancreas cannot produce the right amount of insulin to counteract that resistance, a person is suffering from diabetes. Type two diabetes can also be caused by excessive weight. Causes of type one diabetes include factors of the person’s environment as well as genetic factors. Type one diabetes can also be caused by an immune system that attacks the body and destroys the cells that produce insulin. This type of diabetes leads to the person having either a small amount of insulin or no insulin in their body. This causes the blood stream to be flooded with more sugar than the body can handle. Gestational diabetes occurs when a pregnant woman’s body cannot produce enough insulin to overcome the hormonal changes that come with pregnancy. Without the proper amount of insulin there is a build up of glucose in the blood stream and a lack of glucose in the body’s cells.  Continue reading for Prevention information . . .

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