Diabetes

Prevention

While there is no way to prevent type one diabetes, type two, gestational and prediabetes can be prevented by getting enough exercise, eating right and losing extra weight. To prevent these types of diabetes, people should work out half an hour a day doing something such as riding their bike, swimming or taking walks. People should eat low fat and low calorie foods such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains to prevent diabetes. Anyone who is overweight should aim to lose at least 5% of their weight. This can help cut down on the likelihood of developing diabetes. There are oral prescription drugs that can be taken to cut down on the chances of developing type two diabetes.

Treatment

Diabetes pills can help treat both gestational and type two diabetes. Some patients will need to take both insulin and pills in order to treat their condition. Multiple types of pills can be taken to treat diabetes in some patients. When it comes to treating type one and two diabetes, patients need to monitor their blood sugar levels. In extreme cases, those suffering from type one diabetes may have a pancreas transplant. A successful transplant would prevent a diabetic from having to take insulin.

Recent Debates And Developments

Researchers working at The Johns Hopkins Children’s Center have determined that the protein EPAC2 is one of the key factors in the development of diabetes. Medical professionals have long believed that EPAC2 plays a part in type two diabetes. Scientists have concluded that EPAC2 regulates insulin. It does this by causing the body’s blood cells to produce more hormones that regulate a person’s blood sugar level. Research has suggested that EPAC2 may be able to aid in restoring the function of pancreatic cells. This could lead to the eventual reverse of diabetes in some patients. Researchers are still trying to determine if EPAC2 can regulate insulin production indefinitely or just for a temporary period of time. Medical evidence suggests that EPAC2 can help a human body balance its insulin supply.

More Information

Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabetes/DS01121

CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes

Medline Plus: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/diabetes.html

KidsHealth: http://kidshealth.org/kid/centers/diabetes_center.html

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