Genital Warts

Prevention

Preventative care like the HPV vaccine is one of the most effective ways to prevent genital warts. The vaccine is effective against some strains of HPV, but not all strains. Also, the use of latex condoms forms a physical barrier during sexual contact that can reduce – though not completely eradicate – the chance of contracting or spreading genital warts.

Treatment

There are a number of treatment options available for genital warts. Topical medications such as Imiquimod, Podophyllin and podofilox, and Trichloroacetic acid can be applied by a doctor to help break down and remove the wart tissue. An over-the-counter wart remover product should never be used on genital warts as it is not meant to be used on the sexual organs and can cause further pain and discomfort. Surgical options are also available for wart removal. Surgical excision, cryotherapy, electrocautery and laser removal are all current surgical options for the removal of genital warts. If the warts are not bothersome however, no treatment is recommended. In addition, treatment should not be considered a cure as genital warts can recur even after treatment.

Recent debates and developments

In the last five years, vaccination has proven an effective tool in fighting the spread of HPV, or genital warts. Cases have plummeted in populations where the vaccine is available. Public health officials are engaging in aggressive public awareness campaigns designed to educate the public on the benefits of vaccination against genital warts. Clinical trials are also underway for a number of treatments including SR-T100 Gel for current genital warts sufferers.

More information

Chlamydia

Genital Warts

Gonorrhea

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis C

Herpes

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Syphilis

Trichomoniasis

Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/genital-warts/DS00087

CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-warts.htm

Medline Plus: http://vsearch.nlm.nih.gov/vivisimo/cgi-bin/query-meta?v%3Aproject=medlineplus&query=Genital+Warts&x=23&y=21

Kids Health: http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/std/genital_warts.html

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