HIV

Prevention

HIV is a disease that can be properly prevented if certain steps are taken to protect the individual. Being a mostly sexually transmitted disease, using a condom and other means of physical protection during any kind of sex can prevent the spread of the disease. Like with other Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs), communication between partners is essential and important in preventing risk of infection. In addition, it should be common practice to utilize only properly sterilized needles and never, under any circumstance, share them. One of the biggest means of prevention can come from proper education and information on HIV and its risk factors among all populations and people. Immediate testing at the first sign of exposure helps to stop the spread at its source and works to insure that treatment begins right away.

Treatment

There is no known cure for HIV/AIDS. An infected individual will commonly start on a regimen of treatment through medications that must be carried out for the remainder of the individual’s life. Upon diagnosis, most begin taking medications such as “non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors” (NNRTIs), which work to limit HIV’s ability to replicate itself in the bloodstream. Other medications that work in the same way are often used in combination to form treatment plans that require the individual to take several different pills at specific times throughout the day. It is common that the patient will experience some side-effects to the medicine and oftentimes the reaction to and reception of medication varies widely from individual to individual and could potentially result in a unique mixture of negative side effects.

Recent Debates and Developments

One of the most important tools for HIV prevention is its early detection. In a recent development, an at-home testing kit called “OraQuick” is now available on the market, and allows the individual to quickly and effectively detect HIV at the earliest point possible. This testing system is readily available in most drug stores. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional in all circumstances. With advancement in medical treatments and more effective testing, those infected with HIV do have the potential to eventually live out almost normal lives.

More Information

Chlamydia

Genital Warts

Gonorrhea

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis C

Herpes

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

SyphilisTrichomoniasis

Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv-aids

CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv

Wikipedia: http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_HIV/AIDS_adult_prevalence_rate

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