Rosacea

Overview

Overview Rosacea is characterized by persistent skin redness particularly on the forehead, nose and cheeks. Patients with rosacea may have sensitive skin that is dry and flaky, and other skin conditions may exist in addition to rosacea. This condition affects adults and usually begins between the ages of 30 and 60. Though rosacea is a chronic condition, it is characterized by periods of acute flare-ups. Left untreated, rosacea worsens over time. While there is no cure, treatments can help reduce flare-up and improve overall skin condition.

 

Symptoms and Diagnosis
Rosacea
There are four types of rosacea, and symptoms vary by type. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea symptoms include permanent skin redness. Patients may also experience frequent blushing, burning and stinging sensations and dry skin. Papulopustular rosacea is characterized by persistent skin redness and bumps that are like acne. Phymatous rosacea presents thickening skin, nodules beneath the skin and an enlarged nose. This type of rosacea is most commonly found on the nose but can also affect the chin, cheeks, eyelids, forehead and ears. Ocular rosacea affects the eyes. Symptoms include dry, red eyes that itch and burn. Eyes may also water and cysts may form on the eyelids.

At this time, there is no single reliable test to diagnose rosacea. Doctors will carefully examine medical history, consider symptoms and make a visual inspection of the skin to diagnose rosacea.

Causes

Doctors do not know what causes rosacea, but believe several factors in combination play a role. In addition, certain irritants are known to exacerbate rosacea including: sun exposure, stress, heat, wind and cold weather, alcohol, spicy food, and some skin-care products. In addition, certain risk factors make some more likely to develop rosacea. Those over the age of 30, those with fair skin, those with a family history of the condition and people who experience frequent blushing are all more likely to develop rosacea.  Continue for Prevention information . . .

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